<A cutting-edge vision/>
The biggest environmental challenge we face as a planet
Framed in the initiative of United Nations “Momentum for Change”, and in line with the Paris Agreement, the International Conference on Climate Change Change the Change will convey a cutting-edge vision on the challenges of climate change facing the planet and will make known the initiatives and actions that are making a difference in our environment.
The conference will be held within the framework of the “Climate Change Week” with the aim of mobilizing citizens towards personal commitment to climate change, with the premise that every action, however small, counts.
Indeed, the scientific community has raised the alarm about the climate situation, and conduct the necessary monitoring and studies to put forward policies to combat climate change.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a group under the aegis of the United Nations, brings together nearly 3,000 experts from around the world.It was created in 1988 to produce comprehensive assessments on the state of the socio-economic, technical and scientific knowledge of climate change, its causes, possible impacts and response strategies.
This group has already announced that it has it prepared a report to submit as a fundamental scientific contribution at the Climate Change Conference –COP24 to be held at Katowice (Poland) in December.The report recommends limiting global warming to 1.5 ºC instead of 2 ºC as “it would have clear benefits to people and natural ecosystems and could go hand in hand with ensuring a more sustainable and equitable society”.It also stressed that “we are already seeing the consequence of global warming of 1 ºC, with very extreme weather events, rising sea levels and shrinking Arctic sea ice, among other changes”.
The regions’ leadership is being reinforced by interregional cooperation in networks such as nrg4SD, Under2 Coalition, etc, where they share experiences. They are working collaboratively and striving to keep the global temperature under the 2 ºC established in the Paris Agreement
Cities are increasingly larger and sprawling. There are 502 urban agglomerations with over a million inhabitants, 74 exceed 5 million, 29 are over 10 million, 12 surpass 20 million and there is already one with over 30 million inhabitants. Twenty cities are forecast to have over 15 million inhabitants, 4 of which will be in China, by 2030.
That growth raises challenges for the quality of life and environmental sustainability and also pushes natural resources to their limits.
The priorities of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals include themes such as climate change, economic equality, innovation, sustainable consumption and peace & justice. The Goals are interrelated which means that the key to success of one will involve issues more frequently linked to another.
The SDGs entail a spirit of collaboration and pragmatism to choose the best options in order to improve life, in a sustainable manner, for future generations.They provide clear guidelines and targets for the SDGs to be adopted by all countries in accordance with their own priorities and the environmental challenges of the world in general.
Actions such as driving renewables, the scrapping of the “sun tax”, the Climate Change Act and the role of coal-fired power stations have marked the start of a new cycle in Spain to strive to comply with the Paris Agreement.
Far-reaching aspects, such as reforming the electricity system, environmental taxation and clean transport, are also being called on to contribute to combat and mitigate climate change.
In order for that transition to take place, it has to be a fair one that addresses the problems of the territories involved in the changes and above all does not affect the most underprivileged.
A new energy model has to be developed in accordance with the needs of the citizens, of companies and the environment. And this all must take place with maximum integration in the European market.
Climate change has become the greatest threat to the world economy.The World Economic Forum’s “Global Risks Report” has highlightedfor the first time the lack of climate change mitigation and adaptation as the risk with the greatest potential impact.It was the first time that an environment risk headed the ranking of 29 global risks, meaning that it may cause greater damage than the weapons of mass destruction, water shortages, large-scale involuntary immigrations or a shock to energy prices.
According to the Stern report published back in 2006, an investment equivalent to 1% of global GDP to mitigate the effects of climate change is needed as otherwise the world market would suffer a recession that could reach 20% of GDP.
In addition, climate change is leading to new economic models.The environmental and social challenges faced by developed countries are leading to new models that are a shift from traditional ones.Movements such as the circular economy, the shared or collaborative economy, the economy for the Common Good and responsible finances seek to generate value beyond the economic and aimed at a more sustainable society.
This core situation of women can be found in a different form in developed societies.Their role in household consumption, in educating the children and in the day-to-day decisions at home makes them a key stakeholder in any cultural change required to face the challenges of the climate change.
Women and their leadership are impacting our society at an unstoppable rate by providing a different vision in many different spheres.A vision called on to transform society and to ensure that the role of women is considered to be essential in any climate change mitigation and adaptation action.